The alliance between plants and soil organisms helps lock in carbon, producing dark organic matter called humus. Increasing the carbon stored in soil helps to maximize photosynthesis so plants can draw down even more carbon dioxide and trap it underground. Moreover, soil rich in carbon feeds mycorrhizae , a vast network of fungi that releases glomalin. Glomalin is a sticky, gum-like substance that binds together particles of sand, silt, and clay, creating a soil structure that conserves moisture and holds onto nutrients.
Plants raised in favorable conditions like this, with easy access to moisture and nutrients, grow sturdier and more resilient. By adopting regenerative practices , farms could remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere at a rate of about one ton of carbon dioxide for every acre, according to data reviewed by soil expert Eric Toensmeier.
The potential benefits are enormous, as spelled out in a study from Rodale Institute. Citing data from farming systems and pasture trials, it concludes that we could sequester more than percent of annual CO2 emissions worldwide if we start growing food this way.
Conventional farming does the opposite. Farming practices, like tilling and excessive chemical use, deplete the soil and release stored carbon back into the atmosphere, dramatically increasing greenhouse gas emissions. In , farms emitted six billion tons of greenhouse gases. I started my own climate garden after moving from Washington State to New Hampshire to grow hops for local breweries.
In New England, I so craved having fresh fruits, vegetables, and herbs within easy reach that I started my garden immediately. The fact that carbon farming could help reverse global warming is both exciting and frustrating. We are, after all, dealing with an agricultural system that does not prioritize health, environmental, or climate concerns. Many of us have our own patches of soil we can tend to—in yards, community gardens, even pots. Eric Toensmeier estimates that his own tiny carbon-rich backyard garden, about a tenth of an acre, can offset the carbon emissions of one American adult per year.
Here are a few of my favorites. Lavender is a member of the mint family and so robust it can grow almost anywhere. Plant it on sandy slopes or in the forgotten corner of the garden. Lavender is also drought-resistant, making it an especially hardy option for beginning gardeners.
Notable characteristic : Drought tolerance. Thyme needs very little water or attention. It comes in over varieties so finding one that will thrive in your climate is easy. While not all varieties are fragrant enough for cooking, the delicate flowers can be relied on to attract pollinators to your garden. Notable characteristic : Easy to grow. Currants are hardy shrubs that produces handfuls of sour berries in shades of deep purple, ruby-red, and golden white. What people are saying about us.
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Comprehensive Book for Designing Organic Gardens
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- Organic Gardening Books – The 50 Absolute Best Books.
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Education resources on the Web. Contact us To Keith Addison keith journeytoforever. Use Tools for Protected Culture. We've compiled of a set of the best, most informative books and guides to sustainable, right-scale growing and post-harvest practices. We think you'll find our prices competitive, and hope you'll consider purchasing from our collection.
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The New Organic Grower, 3rd Edition. The book that started the organic farming revolution. Add to Wishlist View Details. The Greenhouse and Hoophouse Grower's Handbook. Best practices for the eight most profitable crops. Compact Farms. The Garden Primer Second Edition. The Completely Revised Gardener's Bible. The Flower Farmer.
Related When and How To Preserve (Starting Your Organic Garden Book 1)
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